Summary of Main Characteristics of Orchid Plants
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The family Orchidaceae can be divided horticulturally into two groups; the terrestrial and the epiphytal.
There are undoubtedly many horticultural divisions between the two groups, but instead of delving into them I thought it would be simpler to create a list for the benefit of the non-botanist that summarizes the main characteristics.
Summary of Main Characteristics
- All orchids have three sepals, three petals, and a column.
- The column contains the reproductive organs.
- The anthers in the column are suppressed to two in the Cypripedioideae and one in all others.
- The pollen in the anthers is coherent, granular or waxy.
- The third petal is modified sometimes into eccentric forms.
- The ovary is inferior (i.e. below the rest of the flower).